The cityscape of Copenhagen is an elegant mix of advanced modern architecture, waterways, open spaces, cobblestone narrow streets, old timbered houses, ancient castles and palaces. Copenhagen oozes of history.
A tour in and around Copenhagen harbour and canals will take you from the father of fairy tales Hans Christian Andersen’s Little Mermaid sitting on her rock at the entrance to the harbour to the modern architectural addition to the Royal Danish Library, The Black Diamond, housing restaurant Søren K, named after the famous Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard.
Copenhagen is a city that effortlessly combines old and new, preserving its 1,000-year history, yet always looking to the future with open arms, hearts and minds.
All Danes have a little Viking blood in them. From the 8th-11th centuries the population of Scandinavia was known as Vikings - Norse explorers and merchants, warriors and pirates who raided, enslaved and raped their way through Europe from around 800 to 1066. The Vikings settled all over Europe, some areas in Asia and the North Atlantic.
Do not fret. We are a little more civilised nowadays. However, you will find many traces and artifacts from the Vikings and the Viking Age in Copenhagen.
See our guide to Vikings' Copenhagen.
Copenhagen became capital of Denmark in 1167, when Bishop Absalon founded the city. Over the following years herring fishing brought great wealth to Copenhagen and, under the reign of King Christian 4th in the 17th century, the city grew to become the important regional capital it remains today. Today, the capital region has a population of 1.9 million.
Copenhagen is home to one of the world’s oldest monarchies and an extremely popular royal family. To fully understand the otherwise very modern and democratic Danes’ love for their royal family, one needs to look at our national identity. Denmark is a small country with a population of merely 5.6 million people, and many Danes perceive the royal family as moral protectors and representatives of our nation and way of life.
Danes who lived during World War 2 will remember King Christian 10th of Denmark riding daily through the streets of Copenhagen on his white horse during the German occupation. He was only accompanied by one guard. Danes saw it as a heroic act and a symbol of resistance. A light in the darkness. It made him one of the most popular Danish monarchs of modern times.
See our guide to Copenhagen at war.
Head of the present royal family is monarch Queen Margrethe 2nd. Next in line to the Danish throne is their eldest son Crown Prince Frederik, wed to Crown Princess Mary, who originates from Tasmania, Australia. They have four children: Christian, Isabella, Vincent and Josephine.
Many Danes regard Mary and Frederik as role models and representatives of a modern Danish family, balancing life between work and play. In recent years, Crown Prince Frederik completed an Ironman in Copenhagen and is often seen picking up his kids from kindergarten in a Chrstiania bike, just like any normal Danish father. Thus the Crown Prince couple is perceived as great representatives of Denmark and Danish values internationally. That is also how many of us justify their royal status and financial benefits paid for by the state.
Another reason why Danes love the royal Danish family and especially Queen Margrethe 2nd, is because she has always been very relaxed and down to earth. She literally let her grey hair down on one occasion, is a heavy smoker, and does not mind showing she is just like the rest of us, and yet not.
Denmark has a parliamentary democracy. It has the world's highest level of income equality with a mixed market economy and a large welfare state. The Danes are frequently ranked as the happiest people and the least corrupt country in the world.
In 2011, Helle Thorning Schmidt was elected prime minister, as the first woman in the country’s history. She represents The Social Democratic Party, Socialdemokratiet. Denmark is in general a very liberal country with a multi-party structure, where several political parties can be represented in Parliament at any one time.
Danish politics have recently been depicted in award-winning TV series like The Killing and Borgen, inventing a new Nordic noir, and triggering an enormous interest in the Danish parliament and its resident inside Christiansborg Palace on Slotsholmen in Copenhagen.
Everyday the Royal Danish Guard marches from Rosenborg Castle at approximately 11:30 through Copenhagen to Amalienborg Palace where the change of guards takes place every day at 12:00 noon.
Public buses will display Danish flags on royal birthdays.
If the flag is up on Amalienborg Palace, the queen is home.
The Danish Monarchy has its very own smartphone app Kongehuset. It keeps you up to date on all royal events, in Danish however.